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Monthly Archives: July 2013

countertops

  1. At least two work counter heights should be offered in the kitchen, with one 28 to 36’ (71 to 91 cm) above the finished floor and the other 36 to 45” (91 to 114 cm) above the finished foot. Varying counter heights will create work spaces for various tasks and for cooks of varying stature, including seated cooks.
  2. Countertop frontage, small kitchens—under 150 sq. ft. (14M’)—allow at least 132’ (335 cm) of usable countertop frontage. Countertop frontage, large kitchens—over 150 sq. ft. (14M2)— allow at least 198” of usable countertop frontage. Countertop frontage—Counters must be a minimum of 16” (41 cm) deep, and wall cabinets must be at least 15” (38 cm) above their surface for counter to be included in total frontage measurement. (Measure only countertop frontage; do not count corner space.)
  3. There should be at least 24” (61 cm) of countertop frontage to one side of the primary sink, and 18” (46 cm) on the other side (including corner sink applications) with the 24” (61 cm) counter frontage at the same counter height as the sink. The countertop frontage may be a continuous surface or the total of two angled countertop sections. (Measure only countertop frontage, do not count corner space.) For further instruction on these requirements see
  4. At least 3” (8 cm) of countertop frontage should be provided on one side of secondary sinks, and 18” (46 cm) on the other side (including comer sink applications) with the 18” (46 cm) counter frontage at the same counter height as the sink. The countertop frontage may be a continuous surface or the total of two angled countertop sections. (Measure only countertop frontage, do not count corner space.) For further instruction on these requirements see
  5. At least 15” (38 cm) of landing space, a minimum of 16” (41 cm) deep, should be planned above, below, or adjacent to a microwave oven.
  6. If two work centres are adjacent to one another, determine new minimum counter frontage requirements for the two adjoining spaces by taking the longest of the two required counter lengths and adding 12” (30 cm).
  7. No two primary work centres (the primary sink, refrigerator, preparation or cooktop/range centre) should be separated by a full-height, full-depth tall tower, such as an oven, cabinet, pantry cabinet1 or refrigerator.
  8. Kitchen seating areas require the following minimum clearances: 30” (76 cm) high tables/counters: Allow a 30” (76 cm) wide by 19” (48 cm) deep counter/table space for each seated diner, and at least 19” (23 cm) (48 cm) of clear knee space. 36” (91 cm) high counters: Allow a 24” (61 cm) wide by 15” (38 cm) deep counter space for each seated diner, and at least 15” (38 cm) of clear knee space 42” (107 cm) high counters: Allow a 24” (61 cm) wide by 12” (30 cm) deep counter space for each seated diner, and 12” (30 cm) of clear knee space
  9. (Open) countertop should be clipped or radiused; counter edges should be eased to eliminate sharp edges.
  10. In an open-ended kitchen configuration, at least 9(23 cm) of counter space should be allowed on one side of the cooking surface and 15” (38 cm) on the other, at the same counter height as the appliance. For an enclosed configuration, at least 3” (8 cm) of clearance space should be planned at an end
  11. The plan should allow at least 15” (38 cm) of counter space on the handle side of the refrigerator or on either side of a side-by-side refrigerator or at least 15” (38 cm) of landing space [that] is no more than 48” (122 cm) across from the refrigerator. (Measure the 48” [122 cm] distance from the centre front of the refrigerator to the countertop opposite it.)
  12. There should be at least 15” (38 cm) of landing space [that] is at least 16” (41. cm) deep next to or above the oven if the appliance door opens into a primary traffic pattern. At least 15” (38 cm) by 16” (41 cm) of landing space [that] is no more than 48” (122 cm) across from the oven is acceptable if the appliance does not open into a traffic area. (Measure the 48v—122 cm— distance from the the front of the oven to the countertop opposite it.)
  13. At least 36” (91cm) of continuous countertop [that] is at least 16” (41 cm) should be planned for the preparation centre.
  14. Controls, handles, and door/drawer pulls should be operable with one hand, require only a minimal amount of strength for operation, and should not require tight grasping, pinching, or twisting of the wrist (includes handles/knobs/pulls on entry. and exit doors, appliances, cabinets, drawers and plumbing fixtures, as well as light ‘and thermostat controls/switches, intercoms, and other room controls).
  15. Wall-mounted room controls (i.e., wall receptacles, switches, thermostats, telephones, intercoms, etc.) should be 15” (38 cm) to 48” (122 cm) above the finished floor. The switch plate can extend beyond that dimension, but the control itself should be within it.
  16. Ground fault circuit interrupters should be specified on all receptacles within the kitchen.
  17. A fire extinguisher should be visibly located in the kitchen, away from cooking equipment and 15” (38 cm) to 48” (122 cm) above the floor. Smoke alarms should be included near the kitchen.‚
  18. Window/skylight area should equal at least 10 percent of the total square footage of the separate kitchen or a total living space [that] includes a kitchen.
  19. Every work surface in the kitchen should be well-illuminated by appropriate task and/or general lighting.

fitted-counters

 

 

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